• General 23.01.2014 Comments Off on State

    ARTICLE 102. The territory, with public goods that the part, belong to the nation. TITLE IV OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTICIPATION AND POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER I – OF THE FORMS OF DEMOCRATIC PARTICIPATION ARTICLE 103. Mechanisms for the participation of the people in the exercise of their sovereignty are: vote, the plebiscite, the referendum, the popular consultation, the open cabildo, legislative initiative and the revocation of the mandate. The law shall regulate them. The State will contribute to the Organization, promotion and training of professional, civic, Trade Union, community, youth, charitable associations or common utility non-governmental, without detriment to their autonomy with the object that constitute democratic mechanisms for representation in different instances of participation, coordination, control and monitoring of public management that is establish. ARTICLE 104.

    The President of the Republic, with the signature of all Ministers and previous friendly concept of the Senate of the Republic, may consult the people decisions of national significance. The decision of the people shall be compulsory. The query cannot be performed concurrently with another choice. ARTICLE 105. Subject to compliance with the requirements and formalities that points the general statute of the territorial organization and in the cases determined by this, Governors and mayors as the case may be, may be popular consultations to decide on matters of competence of the respective department or municipality. ARTICLE 106. Prior compliance with the requirements of the law and in cases to be decided, the inhabitants of the territorial entities may submit projects on matters which are within the competence of the respective public corporation, which is obliged to deal with them; decide on rules for the interest of the Community initiative of the authority or corresponding Corporation or by not less than 10% of citizens registered in the respective electoral roll; and elect representatives on the boards of the companies providing public services within the respective territorial entity.

  • General 09.01.2014 Comments Off on Sociological Study

    According to Josef Ruland (Guilds in towns and cities, Dusseldorf 1963) The origins of these guilds are guilds that remained until the mid seventeenth century. For these reasons, there are guilds of citations to papers in Andernach 1640. These brotherhoods were collecting all the events that took place in the city in a few books that are kept in daily now.
    In legal systems of guilds can be seen the typical titles in these guilds, including the referees and the president. The latter brought the highest position within the brotherhood and in the early days was responsible to enforce the rules as well as to live together in peace (for example, to obtain water from the sources of the Rhine).
    The main purpose of the guild with a religious component was mainly helping the sick, injured and families of deceased. Even today there are support services to relatives of deceased as well as maintaining the habit of waving the banner of the brotherhood of the deceased at the time of burial.
    The charitable purpose of the associations of citizens has been restricting the passage of time. At present, the focus is more on the social component of the members, organizing meetings, parties and travel. At present there are 17 guilds in the city center and 17 others in neighboring communities .

  • General 02.01.2014 Comments Off on Work Commitment

    The Memory of Luiz of the Rock Rasp All time that we have the chance of involving in them in a work program or in an experience that will enrich our life, we start to organize our ideas and come back all our expectation toward the new enterprise that we are for initiating. It seems that all our energy and the Universe conspire our favor. Ideas and possibilities appear and appear many situations that finish for involving each time more our attitudes and our actions in the work. All are involved with our disposal and joy – our family and our friends are the first ones to notice our satisfaction. E, to the few we go transforming an initial enthusiasm into commitment. It is the moment where we more seriously disponibilizamos in them for the situation and we responsibly dedicate in them for it. I speak thus because I believe that it must be in this way that we exteriorizamos our taste and our responsibility when truily we are compromised to a cause, an action or a project.

    I see that my experience with the Doctrine of the Espiritos it comes being marked for situations take that me to believe that, also in this chance, I come more strengthening each time, for conscientious option, a commitment constructed for my availability and my devotion. It has about 10 years, when remembering the first contacts with the Esprita Group in which I am on and of the reasons that had taken me it – an extreme situation of pain, currently already surpassed, can without a doubt none establish for this time the landmark that would open my agreement and would definitavamente strengthen definitavamente my commitment with the esprita cause and the House in which (reverse speed) I found a way. In this time, I could start to enter in contact with the history of this House and its founders – self-sacrificing men and women who if had dedicated to a spectacular project of attention spiritual strong alicerado by the Love and the Charity ally to a significant filantrpico work come back toward the infancy, that according to orientation spiritual, the Workmanship would consist in the solid base of all.


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